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Calm Called for in Karabakh Amid Azerbaijan’s Anti-Terrorism Operation: Russia, Germany, France, and US Respond

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Various Countries Call for Calm in Karabakh Amid Azerbaijan’s Anti-Terrorism Operation

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Azerbaijan Launches Anti-Terrorism Measures in Karabakh

Azerbaijan has initiated “anti-terrorism measures” in the Karabakh region as part of the trilateral peace agreement signed with Russia and Armenia in November 2020. These measures aim to suppress provocations, disarm Armenian armed forces, neutralize military infrastructure, and ensure the safety of civilians in the liberated territories.

International Response to the Situation

Multiple countries have expressed their concerns and called for calm in Karabakh:

  • The Armenian government reported that French President Emmanuel Macron plans to convene an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council.
  • The United States is engaging in diplomatic contacts to address the situation, with Secretary of State Anthony Blinken expected to participate within the next 24 hours.
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross successfully delivered aid through the Lachin Corridor and a separate road connecting Karabakh to the Azerbaijani city of Agdam.
  • German Foreign Minister Annalina Baerbock urged Azerbaijan to end its operation in Karabakh, emphasizing the importance of negotiations for lasting peace.
  • The Kremlin also called for calm, expressing concern about the escalation of tension and emphasizing the need to ensure the safety of civilians in Karabakh.

Efforts for a Permanent Peace Treaty

Despite progress in recent talks facilitated by the European Union, the United States, and Russia, a final settlement between Azerbaijan and Armenia remains elusive. Analysts acknowledge that these talks have brought the two sides closer to a permanent peace treaty than in previous years.

Background on the Conflict

Nagorno-Karabakh has long been a source of tension between Azerbaijan and Armenia, resulting in two wars over the territory. In 2020, Azerbaijan regained control of several cities, villages, and settlements during 44 days of clashes. Fears of a new war have escalated as Armenia accuses Azerbaijan of strengthening its forces and imposing a blockade on the Lachin Corridor.

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