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Common Heart Defects in Adolescents: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


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Heart Defects in Adolescents

Among the heart defects commonly found in adolescents are congenital heart defects and structural abnormalities that were not detected during childhood.

Risk Factors and Causes

According to cardiologist Anastasia Fomicheva, heart rhythm disturbances are one of the diseases associated with these conditions. They can be hereditary, caused by structural changes in the heart, or acquired due to factors such as drug abuse, lifestyle choices, and chronic stress. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment and restoration of normal heart rhythm.

Another condition that affects the heart valves is endocarditis, an infection of the heart lining. It is caused by bacteria like streptococci and staphylococci. Fomicheva emphasizes the importance of promptly treating sore throats and not neglecting the use of antibiotics to prevent complications.

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Myocarditis and High Blood Pressure

In some cases, adolescents may develop viral myocarditis due to viral infections like respiratory infections, influenza, or even COVID-19. Without proper treatment, viral myocarditis can lead to heart failure.

High blood pressure is another common condition among teenagers, but Fomicheva highlights the need to diagnose and treat the underlying cause. It may be related to other health conditions and requires appropriate management.

Recognizing Symptoms and Seeking Medical Help

Fomicheva concludes by emphasizing the importance of seeking medical help if symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, loss of consciousness, or fatigue occur. Consulting a cardiologist for diagnosis and treatment is essential in addressing the underlying cause.

Source: Gazeta.Ru

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