Solve mysteries and challenge the prevailing notions of human history… The best archaeological discoveries of 2022
In 2022, archaeologists have discovered many lost treasures from the ancient world that give us a glimpse into humanity’s past.
Within 12 months, headlines have witnessed unique archaeological breakthroughs, some of which we mention in this report:
Severe drought in Iraq exposes 3,400-year-old city
Severe droughts around the world have marked part of 2022. While this, on the one hand, caused environmental devastation and the appearance of pockets of wildlife, on the other hand, it also revealed some amazing secrets that were hidden under the water.
— Business Insider India???????? (@BiIndia) June 4, 2022
In June, successive droughts were reported to have revealed a hidden city dating back to the Mitanni empire.
This kingdom controlled parts of northern Mesopotamia and Syria between 1550 and 1350 BC.
The earthquake destroyed the city. Experts say burial under the collapsed walls may have helped preserve the ancient structures after years of being submerged.
Full color photographs of ancient Egyptian mummies
In early December, archaeologists discovered full-color photographs of the mummies, the first in more than a century.
Stunning discovery reveals faces of ancient Egyptian mummies https://t.co/UWQyFjNEOv
— ScienceAlert (@ScienceAlert) December 12, 2022
Scientists have found two complete images of Egyptian mummies and other parts at the Jarza excavation site in Faiyum, Egypt.
English archaeologist Flinders Petrie was the last to discover such a work of art when he unearthed 146 mummy portraits in a Roman cemetery in 1911, according to Artnet News.
The finds come from an excavation site located among the ruins of the ancient city of Philadelphia, which, according to the Austrian Archaeological Institute, is located in the northeast corner of the Faiyum, 75 miles (120 km) southwest of modern Cairo.
The inscription on an ancient ivory lice comb represents the oldest known sentence written in the first alphabet.
— John Hawke (@HawkeJon) November 9, 2022
Archaeologists report that they have discovered one of the first sentences written using the first alphabet, which was an anti-lice spell.
The inscription, written in the ancient Canaanite script of 17 letters, reads: “I hope this dog kills hair and beard lice.”
31,000-year-old Stone Age skeleton shows the world’s oldest amputated limbs
The amputation of a 31,000-year-old leg was discovered in Borneo when archaeologists found the remains of a young man in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
His lower left limb was surgically removed, most likely when he was a child. They also found evidence that the patient survived the operation and lived for another 6-9 years before being buried in the Liang Tebo cave in East Kalimantan.
Ernest Shackleton’s ship found 107 years after it sank
A team of scientists have found the wreckage of British explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Endurance off the coast of Antarctica 107 years after it sank.
31,000 year old Stone Age skeleton shows world’s oldest limb amputation https://t.co/kpNgehAs7V
— Insider Science (@insiderscience) September 17, 2022
The wreck set sail in 1914 from the British island of South Georgia in the South Atlantic Ocean, carrying the Imperial Transantarctic Expedition led by Shackleton in an attempt to cross Antarctica for the first time from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea, via the South Pole, but became stuck in the ice of the Weddell Sea. In January 1915 at the Larsen Ice Shelf, and remained so for several months, she slowly broke up due to ice and sank in November 1915, settling at a depth of three thousand meters, forcing the crew to abandon ship and return in small boats and on foot.
Although the ship was wrecked, it is still intact and well preserved, even its name is clearly visible on the engraving.
“Cosmic dagger” of Tutankhamen, made of meteorite mineral more than 3000 years ago.
A recent study showed that the dagger, which was found in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen in 1922, the pharaoh who ruled Egypt in the fourteenth century BC, came from the Middle East. The results showed that it formed from a meteorite outside of Egypt.
The origin of this hand weapon and the method of its manufacture is still one of the greatest mysteries surrounding the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Recently, an x-ray of an iron dagger found in the tomb of Tutankhamen revealed how the object, whose metal was obtained from a meteorite, was made. They suspect that the dagger was made by low-temperature forging, but do not think that it was made in Egypt. pic.twitter.com/is1NRVYOEr
— David Hanrahan (@uchroniaUtopia) February 19, 2022
Excavations of a collection of “unusual” Roman bronze sculptures at an ancient thermal spa in Tuscany.
Archaeologists in Italy have found more than two dozen well-preserved bronze statues dating back to ancient Roman times in thermal baths near Tuscany, in what has been called one of the most remarkable discoveries “in the history of the ancient Mediterranean.”
Archaeologists in Italy have discovered more than two dozen perfectly preserved bronze statues in the thermal baths of Tuscany, dating back more than 2,300 years before ancient Roman times, in what experts call a sensational find.
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— WIRED (@WIRED) November 10, 2022
At the bottom of the sacred thermal pool, 24 skillfully executed Etruscan and Roman bronze statues dating back to the 2nd century BC were found. BC. and 1 in. AD, in San Casciano dei Bagni, Tuscany, by archaeologists led by Jacopo Tabolli from @UniStraSienapic.twitter.com/UUBSK256cK
– Alfons Lopez Tena ???? (@alfonslopeztena) November 8, 2022
Bronze figures, including the Greco-Roman deities Hygieia and Apollo, were probably the decoration of ancient baths and may have been thrown into the thermal waters as part of rituals.
Discovery of one of the greatest archaeological treasures in Gaza
A Palestinian farmer from the Gaza Strip accidentally found a decorative mosaic panel dating back to the Byzantine era when he was about to plant an olive tree on his land.
Archaeologists say it is one of the greatest archaeological treasures ever found in the Gaza Strip. The unearthed mosaic floor includes 17 iconic images of animals and birds, well preserved and brightly colored.
A Palestinian farmer in Gaza discovered a Byzantine-era mosaic while working in his olive garden. When asked what he thought about this, he replied as follows:
“I see it as a treasure, more precious than treasure. It’s not personal, it belongs to every Palestinian.” pic.twitter.com/ARR6IaEoGM
– Ancient history and art ???? (@anciengreque) September 20, 2022
The area of land covered with mosaics is about 500 square meters. drawings of animals, and the other two areas have clear patterns on the tiles.
A lead sarcophagus was discovered under the floor of Notre Dame Cathedral.
Archaeologists rehabilitating Notre Dame Cathedral after a devastating fire in April 2019 that collapsed the building’s spire found two lead coffins underground. The two 700-year-old coffins are believed to belong to a priest and a nobleman.
Red Sea Scrolls
Researchers have found the Dead Sea Scroll, thought to have been lost to history, more than 6,000 miles from its original home in the United States.
The ancient fragment, estimated to be about 2,700 years old, is one of only three surviving papyri from the First Temple period. But it was forgotten and would have been forgotten if not for the death in 2018 of Ada Yardini, an expert on Hebrew writing. The papyrus was eventually found in Montana, and its owner explained that his mother received it as a gift while visiting Jerusalem in 1965 year. She commented, “This framed painting hangs on her wall.