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Study Shows Men Who Engage in Cardiovascular Exercise Can Reduce Cancer Risk by Up to 42%

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Aerobic Exercise Can Reduce the Risk of Multiple Cancers in Men

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Introduction

A recent study has discovered that engaging in activities such as running, swimming, and biking can significantly lower the chances of developing nine types of cancer in men.

Findings of the Study

Researchers have identified that men who maintain good cardiorespiratory fitness are less susceptible to cancers affecting the head and neck, stomach, pancreas, liver, colon, rectum, kidney, lung, and esophagus.

Understanding Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Cardiorespiratory fitness refers to an individual’s ability to perform aerobic exercises like running, cycling, swimming for long durations, or even climbing stairs.

The Study Details

For this study, which was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, researchers in Sweden analyzed data from over 1 million men over a span of 33 years.

These men were part of the Swedish military between 1968 and 2005 and underwent various tests during recruitment to evaluate factors like height, weight, blood pressure, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness.

Study Results

During the follow-up period, around 84,000 participants developed cancer. The researchers found that men with higher cardiorespiratory fitness had:

  • A 19% lower risk of head and neck cancer
  • A 39% lower risk of esophageal cancer
  • A 21% lower risk of stomach cancer
  • A 40% lower risk of liver cancer
  • An 18% lower risk of bowel cancer
  • A 5% lower risk of colorectal cancer
  • A 20% lower risk of kidney cancer
  • A 42% lower risk of lung cancer
  • A 12% lower risk of pancreatic cancer

Implications and Recommendations

The researchers suggest that these findings can help shape public health policies and motivate interventions to improve cardiorespiratory endurance in young individuals.

Other Findings

The study also found a small 7% increased risk of prostate cancer and a 31% increased risk of skin cancer associated with higher cardiorespiratory endurance.

However, the increased prostate cancer risk was not linked to a higher rate of aggressive prostate cancer or prostate cancer-related deaths, possibly due to increased screening.

The higher incidence of skin cancer among individuals with higher cardiorespiratory endurance could be attributed to increased exposure to UV radiation during exercise.

Source

Source: Independent

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