Understanding Osteoporosis Risk Factors: Women Over 50, Pregnant Women, and Those with Certain Medical Conditions
Categories of People at Risk for Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis, a condition characterized by bone dissolution and loss of weight and strength, poses a significant risk to certain groups of people. Professor Olga Lesnyak, president of the Russian Osteoporosis Society, identifies three categories of individuals who are most vulnerable to developing osteoporosis.
Women Over 50
According to Professor Lesnyak, the largest group of people affected by osteoporosis are women over the age of 50. In women, the disease typically emerges after menopause due to reduced estrogen production. Estrogen, a female sex hormone, plays a crucial role in maintaining bone tissue. However, once menopause occurs and estrogen levels decline, changes in bone tissue begin. Hormonal treatment with female sex hormones during menopause can help mitigate the risk of osteoporosis.
Although osteoporosis is more commonly associated with older women, there are cases where young women develop the condition during pregnancy and breastfeeding. This suggests that these women may have experienced a deficiency in mineral elements prior to becoming pregnant.
Individuals with Certain Medical Conditions
Another high-risk group for osteoporosis includes individuals with medical conditions that negatively impact bone health. Examples of such conditions include thyrotoxicosis (overactive thyroid gland), overactive parathyroid gland, rheumatic diseases, blood disorders, kidney diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) commonly found in smokers.
It is crucial for individuals in these high-risk categories to be aware of their susceptibility to osteoporosis and take appropriate measures to prevent or manage the condition. Source: newspaper.ru