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What NATO membership can offer Finland: Expert insights needed


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Moscow, April 4 – Finland has long been integrated into the military infrastructure of NATO, but with formal accession to the alliance, it receives legal guarantees under Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty. In addition, the border between Russia and NATO is almost doubled, a limited military contingent may appear there in the foreseeable future, and the United States will have access to the country’s entire military infrastructure, Nikita Lipunov, an analyst at the Center for Strategic Development department of the MGIMO Institute for International Studies, told the News Agency.
Earlier, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that Finland will join the alliance on Tuesday, April 4, and the country’s flag will be raised at NATO headquarters in Brussels.
“The most important thing that changes is the effect of Article 5 on collective defense: an attack on Finland will be considered an attack on the entire bloc. They receive legal borders, but from a military-technical point of view they were already deeply integrated. Our borders with NATO are almost doubled, ”said Lipunov.

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The expert suggested that with Finland joining the coalition, the United States will have full access to the country’s military infrastructure, similar to the military airfields in Norway, and perhaps the United States will use Finnish military facilities directly.
At the same time, Lipunov noted that over the past 10 years, there has been a gradual participation of Sweden and Finland in all forms and work of the alliance: both countries continued to participate in joint exercises as a non-NATO state. They have Distinguished Partner status outside of NATO.
He noted that Finland joins NATO without restrictions, reservations or exceptions, that is, it assumes all obligations, including, although this is unlikely, the possibility of deploying nuclear weapons in the country cannot be ruled out.
“The risk of nuclear weapons appearing on the country’s territory, although it cannot be written off, is extremely small. The Alliance has pursued a cautious policy in this direction in the past months, so I do not expect the deployment there of nuclear weapons and missile defense elements, but I expect closer interaction with the States Perhaps we can talk about the emergence in the foreseeable future of a military alliance unit within the framework of an expanded forward presence program along the lines of those limited units of 1,000 people that are in the Baltic states.

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